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Criminal law covers various punishments, which vary from case to case. In some cases, We cannot convict a person for a crime that he or she has committed. For example, suppose a person of an unsound mind commits a crime. In that case, We cannot make him responsible for being mentally sick. In the case of an excusable defense, the actor may not be eligible for punishment. A Detailed Insight on The General Exceptions course deals with the general exceptions of crime or the exceptional circumstances in which an individual can escape liability.
Some Exceptions are common to all the penal clauses of the Penal Code or a great variety of clauses dispersed over many chapters are known as general exceptions. In case of a series of provisions, we must read into every subsequent substantive portion of the Code. And point out how acts or omissions that come within the definition of an offense are in substance. Such are acts by persons mentally or physically incapable of any crimes mistakes of fact which exclude criminal intention. The exercise of public or private rights or duties against any criminal proceeding for consequent death or injury. The burden of proving the existence of circumstances bringing the case within a General Exception lies on the accused.
The protection of life and property is axiomatic in every civilized society. But we know the State can not do so on every occasion – as law enforcement officers cannot be omnipresent, so every individual has the right of private defense.
According to an established principle of criminal law, we should not punish anyone for a crime unless we can attribute some measure of subjective fault to him.
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