In Bangladesh, a criminal case can be filed in a three-way, such as-
FIR stands for First Information Report. First Information of a Cognizable offense is given by a person who is an eyewitness or well aware of the offense and that information is presented before the police station as an application to take necessary legal action. When an FIR is lodged, a police officer starts investigating the matter.
GD means General Diary, which is used as a register to record 24 hours incidents that are happening or are likely to happen, within the jurisdiction of the police station on a daily basis, and if any incident has taken place or is likely to take place then any person can file an application for GD entry.
The general diary entry is, therefore, a stage prior to the FIR or non-cognizable report. The general diary entry is an internal police record, while in the case of FIR or non-cognizable report, a copy of these will be provided to the complainant.
A complaint is a charge that sets forth sufficient facts that, with reasonable inferences, allow a person to reasonably conclude that a crime was probably committed A complaint may relate to a cognizable or non-cognizable offense. when a complaint is filed no investigation is done by the police officer until directed by the competent authority.
The detailed discussion of FIR, GD, and Complaint are mentioned in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898.
Visiting a Police station is probably one of the most uncomfortable tasks for anyone. Considering the present law and order situation, if citizens are well-informed about the law, the chance of them being harassed by authoritative bodies significantly decreases. This course is an effort to inform you about General Diary (GD), FIR, and Complaint.
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